Living Conditions & Communications

The detailed contents of this chapter follow below. The page numbers refer to the hard copy version of the Survey.
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Living Conditions & Communications

The detailed contents of this chapter follow below. The page numbers refer to the hard copy version of the Survey.

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THE LIVING CONDITIONS PICTURE.......................................................................... 543

South African living conditions at a glance 2008.............................. 543

OVERVIEW OF CHANGES............................................................................................... 544

Changes by household (actual numbers), 1996 and 2008.............. 544

Household and housing changes, 1996 and 2008
  (actual numbers)................................................................................. 545

Household types and facilities by proportion, and
 changes in proportions, 1996 and 2008.......................................... 545

Household and housing changes, 1996 and 2008 (proportions).... 546

Household trends............................................................................................................. 546

Dwellings.......................................................................................................... 546

Electricity, water, and sanitation................................................................. 546

LAND REFORM AND AGRICULTURE......................................................................... 547

Land restitution................................................................................................................ 547

Land restitution claims and settlements by province,
 1995–2008........................................................................................... 548

Breakdown of total restitution by type of settlement,
 1995-2008............................................................................................ 548

Breakdown of financial compensation settlements by area,
 1995–2008........................................................................................... 549

Restitution claims settled/to be settled, 2008..................................... 549

Breakdown of outstanding restitution claims by
 province as at March 2008................................................................ 549

Land redistribution......................................................................................................... 550

Land redistribution for agricultural development.................................... 550

Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development (LRAD)
 under the Land and Agrarian Reform Programme (LARP):
 delivery figures and targets by province.......................................... 551

Land redistribution progress by province as at September 2007.... 552

Land redistribution progress by March 2008...................................... 552

The 30% land-redistribution-by-2025 scenario.................................. 553

Total estimated funding required and funding at current baseline
 for land redistribution, 2008/09–2024/25...................................... 553

Land tenure reform........................................................................................................ 554

Agriculture........................................................................................................................ 554

Commercial farming units and employment on farms
 by province, 1993 and 2007............................................................. 554

WATER AND SANITATION.............................................................................................. 555

Water.................................................................................................................................. 555

Free basic water.............................................................................................. 555

Delivery of free basic water by province by 29 February 2009...... 555

All water........................................................................................................... 555

Household water sources by race, 1996 (proportions)...................... 555

Household water sources by race, 2007 (proportions)...................... 556

Household water sources by race, 2007.............................................. 556

Comparison of the main water source for drinking used
 by households, 2003–2008 (proportions)....................................... 557

Proportion of households with piped water in dwelling,
 off site, or on site by province, 2002–08......................................... 557

Urban and rural populations with access to improved
 water source, selected countries, 2006............................................. 558

Sanitation........................................................................................................................... 559

Household sanitation facility by race, 1996 (proportions).............. 559

Household sanitation facility by race, 1996 (proportions).............. 559

Proportion of households using bucket system or without
 sanitation facility by province, 2002–08....................................... 559

Population with access to improved sanitation facilities
 selected countries, 2006..................................................................... 560

HOUSING................................................................................................................................ 561

National housing profile................................................................................................ 561

Households by type of dwelling and race, 1996 and 2007
  (actual numbers)................................................................................. 561

Households by type of dwelling and race, 1996 and 2007
 (proportions)......................................................................................... 562

Types of housing occupied, 1996 and 2008 563

Types of housing owned, 2002 and 2007........................................... 563

Housing ownership status by race, 2007............................................. 564

Household size and housing ownership, selected countries............. 565

Types of housing by province, 1996 and 2007 (actual numbers).. 566

Types of housing by province, 1996 and 2007 (proportions)......... 566

Change in types of housing by province, 1996–2007
 (actual numbers).................................................................................. 567

Change in types of housing by province, 1996-2007
 (proportions)......................................................................................... 567

Types of housing by municipality, 2007 568

Quality of housing.......................................................................................... 572

Changes in housing types, 1996–2008................................................ 572

Terms of occupation..................................................................................... 572

Households by terms of occupation and race, 2007
 (actual numbers).................................................................................. 572

Households by terms of occupation and race, 2007
 (proportions)......................................................................................... 572

Household terms of occupation by province, 2007
 (actual numbers).................................................................................. 573

Household terms of occupation by province, 2007
 (proportions)......................................................................................... 573

Tenure status by municipality, 2007.................................................... 574

Housing provision........................................................................................................... 576

Housing and households by cost structure................................................ 576

Annual increase in housing costs (for houses in the
 80m2-400m2), 2003–2010................................................................. 576

Average nominal house prices by size of house, 2004–2008.......... 576

Owned and fully paid off households: comparison between
 district municipalities with over 70% ownership and the
 metropolitan municipalities, 2007.................................................... 576

Government subsidy housing....................................................................... 577

Total number of houses completed or under construction,
 April 1994–March 2009..................................................................... 577

Government and private sector housing.................................................... 577

Private sector and government housing construction,
 1997/98–2007/08............................................................................... 577

Private sector and government housing construction,
 1997/98—2007/08............................................................................. 578

Private sector housing.................................................................................... 578

Residential buildings completed by the private sector by size,
 2003–2008........................................................................................... 578

Private sector housing by size, 2003–2008......................................... 579

New houses less than 80m2.......................................................................... 579

New houses less than 80m2, 2003–2008............................................. 579

New houses over 80m2.................................................................................. 580

New houses over 80m2, 2003–2008..................................................... 580

New flats and townhouses............................................................................ 580

New flats and townhouses, 2003–2008.............................................. 580

Mixed housing developments...................................................................... 581

Affordability of housing............................................................................... 582

National affordable housing needs, 2003–2010............................... 583

Backyard structures....................................................................................... 583

Total number of backyard structures by province, 2008................. 583

Changes in the number of all backyard structures, 1996 and 2007..... 583

Small-scale landlords..................................................................................... 584

Informal settlements..................................................................................... 584

Households residing in informal settlements by province,
 1996 and 2008 (actual numbers)..................................................... 584

Households residing in informal settlements by province,
 1996 and 2008 (proportions)............................................................ 585

Households residing in informal settlements by province,
 1996 and 2008..................................................................................... 585

DOMESTIC ENERGY.......................................................................................................... 586

Sources of energy............................................................................................................ 586

Household sources of energy by race, 2007 (actual numbers)....... 586

Household sources of energy by race, 2007 (proportions)............... 587

Electricity for lighting, cooking, and heating by province,
 2008 (proportions)............................................................................... 588

Electricity for lighting, cooking, and heating by province, 2008..... 588

Electrification.............................................................................................................. 589

Households with and without electricity by province, 2008............ 589

Proportion of households without electricity by province, 2008..... 589

REFUSE DISPOSAL............................................................................................................. 590

Household refuse disposal by province, 2007 (actual numbers).... 590

Household refuse disposal by race, 2007 (proportions)................... 590

Household refuse disposal by race, 2007 (actual numbers)............ 590

Household refuse disposal by province, 2007 (proportions)........... 591

BACKLOGS AND BASIC SERVICES.............................................................................. 591

Living conditions backlogs broken down by province, 2007.......... 591

Provincial breakdown of consumer units receiving free
 basic services from municipalities, June 2007............................... 592

FINANCIAL SERVICES...................................................................................................... 592

Number of people with bank accounts by race, 2006 and 2007.... 592

Proportion of each population group with bank accounts,
 2006 and 2007..................................................................................... 593

Type of banking product used by race, 2007..................................... 593

COMMUNICATIONS........................................................................................................... 594

Postal services.................................................................................................................. 594

Households with and without postal facilities by province,
 2007 (actual numbers)....................................................................... 594

Households with and without postal facilities by
 province, 2007 (proportions)............................................................. 594

Postal services by race, 2007 (actual numbers)................................. 595

Postal services by race, 2007 (proportions)......................................... 595

Broadcasting..................................................................................................................... 595

Households with television sets and radios, 2002–08....................... 595

Top ten commercial radio stations, March 2009............................... 596

Telecommunications....................................................................................................... 596

Telephones................................................................................................................... 596

Breakdown of households by telephone access and race, 2007
  (actual numbers)................................................................................. 596

Breakdown of households by telephone access and race, 2007
  (proportions)........................................................................................ 596

Access to landline telephones by province, 2007.............................. 597

Access to cellphones by province, 2007.............................................. 597

Proportion of urban adults with access to telephones by race,
 2004 and 2007 (proportions)............................................................ 598

Change of urban adults with access to telephones by race,
 2004–2007........................................................................................... 598

Access to landline and cellular telephones, selected countries,
 2007....................................................................................................... 599

Internet......................................................................................................................... 600

Internet access by province, 2007 (actual numbers)........................ 600

Internet access by province, 2007 (proportions)................................ 601

Household internet access by race, 2007 (actual numbers)............ 601

Household internet access by race, 2007 (proportions).................... 601

Internet usage statistics for selected African countries,
 2000 and 2008..................................................................................... 602

Percentage of the population using the internet, 2008...................... 602

Internet users and people with access to a personal computer
  (PC), selected countries, 2007.......................................................... 603

Communications by municipality........................................................................... 604

Access to communication services by municipality, 2007.............. 604

Transportation................................................................................................................. 606

Vehicle statistics.......................................................................................................... 606

Registered vehicles and proportion of population with vehicles
 by province, 2007 and 2008............................................................. 606

Trends in vehicle ownership......................................................................... 606

Type of motorised vehicles registered by year-end,
 December 1999–March 2008........................................................... 606

Total number of vehicles owned by urban households,
 2004/05–2006/07............................................................................... 607

Change in number of vehicles owned by urban households,
 2004/05–2006/07............................................................................... 607

Road accidents............................................................................................................ 608

Number of fatal crashes and fatalities by province, 2006
 and 2008............................................................................................... 608

Percentage change in number of crashes and fatalities,
 2006–2008 608

Estimated cost of fatal crashes, 2007/08............................................ 609

Number of fatalities per type of crash, 2007/08................................ 609

Number of fatalities per type of vehicle, 2007/08............................. 609

Condition of roads...................................................................................................... 610

Assessment of the condition of roads.................................................. 610

Ranges of road condition categories.................................................... 610

Breakdown of the South African road network................................. 610

Condition of paved national and provincial roads, 1998 and
 2008....................................................................................................... 611

Public transport........................................................................................................... 612

Minibus taxis................................................................................................... 612

Passenger rail transport................................................................................. 612

Buses................................................................................................................ 612

Air travel.......................................................................................................... 612

Proportion of commuters using minibus taxis, trains, and buses
 in the past seven days, first quarter 2007 and second quarter
 2008....................................................................................................... 613

Proportion of commuters by mode of transport, 2008..................... 613

Bus subsidies by province and other transport allocations,
 2007/08................................................................................................. 614

MUNICIPAL LIVING CONDITIONS.............................................................................. 615

Service delivery indicators for local municipalities, 2007................ 615

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THE LIVING CONDITIONS PICTURE.......................................................................... 543

South African living conditions at a glance 2008.............................. 543

OVERVIEW OF CHANGES............................................................................................... 544

Changes by household (actual numbers), 1996 and 2008.............. 544

Household and housing changes, 1996 and 2008
  (actual numbers)................................................................................. 545

Household types and facilities by proportion, and
 changes in proportions, 1996 and 2008.......................................... 545

Household and housing changes, 1996 and 2008 (proportions).... 546

Household trends............................................................................................................. 546

Dwellings.......................................................................................................... 546

Electricity, water, and sanitation................................................................. 546

LAND REFORM AND AGRICULTURE......................................................................... 547

Land restitution................................................................................................................ 547

Land restitution claims and settlements by province,
 1995–2008........................................................................................... 548

Breakdown of total restitution by type of settlement,
 1995-2008............................................................................................ 548

Breakdown of financial compensation settlements by area,
 1995–2008........................................................................................... 549

Restitution claims settled/to be settled, 2008..................................... 549

Breakdown of outstanding restitution claims by
 province as at March 2008................................................................ 549

Land redistribution......................................................................................................... 550

Land redistribution for agricultural development.................................... 550

Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development (LRAD)
 under the Land and Agrarian Reform Programme (LARP):
 delivery figures and targets by province.......................................... 551

Land redistribution progress by province as at September 2007.... 552

Land redistribution progress by March 2008...................................... 552

The 30% land-redistribution-by-2025 scenario.................................. 553

Total estimated funding required and funding at current baseline
 for land redistribution, 2008/09–2024/25...................................... 553

Land tenure reform........................................................................................................ 554

Agriculture........................................................................................................................ 554

Commercial farming units and employment on farms
 by province, 1993 and 2007............................................................. 554

WATER AND SANITATION.............................................................................................. 555

Water.................................................................................................................................. 555

Free basic water.............................................................................................. 555

Delivery of free basic water by province by 29 February 2009...... 555

All water........................................................................................................... 555

Household water sources by race, 1996 (proportions)...................... 555

Household water sources by race, 2007 (proportions)...................... 556

Household water sources by race, 2007.............................................. 556

Comparison of the main water source for drinking used
 by households, 2003–2008 (proportions)....................................... 557

Proportion of households with piped water in dwelling,
 off site, or on site by province, 2002–08......................................... 557

Urban and rural populations with access to improved
 water source, selected countries, 2006............................................. 558

Sanitation........................................................................................................................... 559

Household sanitation facility by race, 1996 (proportions).............. 559

Household sanitation facility by race, 1996 (proportions).............. 559

Proportion of households using bucket system or without
 sanitation facility by province, 2002–08....................................... 559

Population with access to improved sanitation facilities
 selected countries, 2006..................................................................... 560

HOUSING................................................................................................................................ 561

National housing profile................................................................................................ 561

Households by type of dwelling and race, 1996 and 2007
  (actual numbers)................................................................................. 561

Households by type of dwelling and race, 1996 and 2007
 (proportions)......................................................................................... 562

Types of housing occupied, 1996 and 2008 563

Types of housing owned, 2002 and 2007........................................... 563

Housing ownership status by race, 2007............................................. 564

Household size and housing ownership, selected countries............. 565

Types of housing by province, 1996 and 2007 (actual numbers).. 566

Types of housing by province, 1996 and 2007 (proportions)......... 566

Change in types of housing by province, 1996–2007
 (actual numbers).................................................................................. 567

Change in types of housing by province, 1996-2007
 (proportions)......................................................................................... 567

Types of housing by municipality, 2007 568

Quality of housing.......................................................................................... 572

Changes in housing types, 1996–2008................................................ 572

Terms of occupation..................................................................................... 572

Households by terms of occupation and race, 2007
 (actual numbers).................................................................................. 572

Households by terms of occupation and race, 2007
 (proportions)......................................................................................... 572

Household terms of occupation by province, 2007
 (actual numbers).................................................................................. 573

Household terms of occupation by province, 2007
 (proportions)......................................................................................... 573

Tenure status by municipality, 2007.................................................... 574

Housing provision........................................................................................................... 576

Housing and households by cost structure................................................ 576

Annual increase in housing costs (for houses in the
 80m2-400m2), 2003–2010................................................................. 576

Average nominal house prices by size of house, 2004–2008.......... 576

Owned and fully paid off households: comparison between
 district municipalities with over 70% ownership and the
 metropolitan municipalities, 2007.................................................... 576

Government subsidy housing....................................................................... 577

Total number of houses completed or under construction,
 April 1994–March 2009..................................................................... 577

Government and private sector housing.................................................... 577

Private sector and government housing construction,
 1997/98–2007/08............................................................................... 577

Private sector and government housing construction,
 1997/98—2007/08............................................................................. 578

Private sector housing.................................................................................... 578

Residential buildings completed by the private sector by size,
 2003–2008........................................................................................... 578

Private sector housing by size, 2003–2008......................................... 579

New houses less than 80m2.......................................................................... 579

New houses less than 80m2, 2003–2008............................................. 579

New houses over 80m2.................................................................................. 580

New houses over 80m2, 2003–2008..................................................... 580

New flats and townhouses............................................................................ 580

New flats and townhouses, 2003–2008.............................................. 580

Mixed housing developments...................................................................... 581

Affordability of housing............................................................................... 582

National affordable housing needs, 2003–2010............................... 583

Backyard structures....................................................................................... 583

Total number of backyard structures by province, 2008................. 583

Changes in the number of all backyard structures, 1996 and 2007..... 583

Small-scale landlords..................................................................................... 584

Informal settlements..................................................................................... 584

Households residing in informal settlements by province,
 1996 and 2008 (actual numbers)..................................................... 584

Households residing in informal settlements by province,
 1996 and 2008 (proportions)............................................................ 585

Households residing in informal settlements by province,
 1996 and 2008..................................................................................... 585

DOMESTIC ENERGY.......................................................................................................... 586

Sources of energy............................................................................................................ 586

Household sources of energy by race, 2007 (actual numbers)....... 586

Household sources of energy by race, 2007 (proportions)............... 587

Electricity for lighting, cooking, and heating by province,
 2008 (proportions)............................................................................... 588

Electricity for lighting, cooking, and heating by province, 2008..... 588

Electrification.............................................................................................................. 589

Households with and without electricity by province, 2008............ 589

Proportion of households without electricity by province, 2008..... 589

REFUSE DISPOSAL............................................................................................................. 590

Household refuse disposal by province, 2007 (actual numbers).... 590

Household refuse disposal by race, 2007 (proportions)................... 590

Household refuse disposal by race, 2007 (actual numbers)............ 590

Household refuse disposal by province, 2007 (proportions)........... 591

BACKLOGS AND BASIC SERVICES.............................................................................. 591

Living conditions backlogs broken down by province, 2007.......... 591

Provincial breakdown of consumer units receiving free
 basic services from municipalities, June 2007............................... 592

FINANCIAL SERVICES...................................................................................................... 592

Number of people with bank accounts by race, 2006 and 2007.... 592

Proportion of each population group with bank accounts,
 2006 and 2007..................................................................................... 593

Type of banking product used by race, 2007..................................... 593

COMMUNICATIONS........................................................................................................... 594

Postal services.................................................................................................................. 594

Households with and without postal facilities by province,
 2007 (actual numbers)....................................................................... 594

Households with and without postal facilities by
 province, 2007 (proportions)............................................................. 594

Postal services by race, 2007 (actual numbers)................................. 595

Postal services by race, 2007 (proportions)......................................... 595

Broadcasting..................................................................................................................... 595

Households with television sets and radios, 2002–08....................... 595

Top ten commercial radio stations, March 2009............................... 596

Telecommunications....................................................................................................... 596

Telephones................................................................................................................... 596

Breakdown of households by telephone access and race, 2007
  (actual numbers)................................................................................. 596

Breakdown of households by telephone access and race, 2007
  (proportions)........................................................................................ 596

Access to landline telephones by province, 2007.............................. 597

Access to cellphones by province, 2007.............................................. 597

Proportion of urban adults with access to telephones by race,
 2004 and 2007 (proportions)............................................................ 598

Change of urban adults with access to telephones by race,
 2004–2007........................................................................................... 598

Access to landline and cellular telephones, selected countries,
 2007....................................................................................................... 599

Internet......................................................................................................................... 600

Internet access by province, 2007 (actual numbers)........................ 600

Internet access by province, 2007 (proportions)................................ 601

Household internet access by race, 2007 (actual numbers)............ 601

Household internet access by race, 2007 (proportions).................... 601

Internet usage statistics for selected African countries,
 2000 and 2008..................................................................................... 602

Percentage of the population using the internet, 2008...................... 602

Internet users and people with access to a personal computer
  (PC), selected countries, 2007.......................................................... 603

Communications by municipality........................................................................... 604

Access to communication services by municipality, 2007.............. 604

Transportation................................................................................................................. 606

Vehicle statistics.......................................................................................................... 606

Registered vehicles and proportion of population with vehicles
 by province, 2007 and 2008............................................................. 606

Trends in vehicle ownership......................................................................... 606

Type of motorised vehicles registered by year-end,
 December 1999–March 2008........................................................... 606

Total number of vehicles owned by urban households,
 2004/05–2006/07............................................................................... 607

Change in number of vehicles owned by urban households,
 2004/05–2006/07............................................................................... 607

Road accidents............................................................................................................ 608

Number of fatal crashes and fatalities by province, 2006
 and 2008............................................................................................... 608

Percentage change in number of crashes and fatalities,
 2006–2008 608

Estimated cost of fatal crashes, 2007/08............................................ 609

Number of fatalities per type of crash, 2007/08................................ 609

Number of fatalities per type of vehicle, 2007/08............................. 609

Condition of roads...................................................................................................... 610

Assessment of the condition of roads.................................................. 610

Ranges of road condition categories.................................................... 610

Breakdown of the South African road network................................. 610

Condition of paved national and provincial roads, 1998 and
 2008....................................................................................................... 611

Public transport........................................................................................................... 612

Minibus taxis................................................................................................... 612

Passenger rail transport................................................................................. 612

Buses................................................................................................................ 612

Air travel.......................................................................................................... 612

Proportion of commuters using minibus taxis, trains, and buses
 in the past seven days, first quarter 2007 and second quarter
 2008....................................................................................................... 613

Proportion of commuters by mode of transport, 2008..................... 613

Bus subsidies by province and other transport allocations,
 2007/08................................................................................................. 614

MUNICIPAL LIVING CONDITIONS.............................................................................. 615

Service delivery indicators for local municipalities, 2007................ 615

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