Health & Welfare

Below follows the detailed contents of this chapter. Page numbers refer to the hard copy edition of the Survey.
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Health & Welfare

Below follows the detailed contents of this chapter. Page numbers refer to the hard copy edition of the Survey.

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Health & Welfare.jpgTHE HEALTH AND WELFARE PICTURE.................................................................. 483

Health and welfare at a glance............................................................. 483

HEALTH INDICATORS...................................................................................................... 484

Mortality............................................................................................................................ 484

Infant and under-five mortality............................................................................... 484

Infant mortality rate by province, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2007,
 and 2008............................................................................................... 484

Under-five mortality rate by province, 1994, 1998, 2002,
 2007, and 2008.................................................................................... 485

Under-five mortality rate, selected countries, 1970, 1990,
 2005, and 2007.................................................................................... 486

Maternal mortality..................................................................................................... 487

Maternal mortality ratio, 1990-2005................................................... 487

Causes of death.......................................................................................................... 487

Ten leading natural causes of death 2004, 2005, and 2006........... 488

Causes of death by race, 2006.............................................................. 489

Death by age and year of death.............................................................................. 491

Deaths by age and year of death, 1997–2006................................... 491

Termination of pregnancy........................................................................................ 492

Termination of pregnancy by province, 1997-2007......................... 492

Termination of pregnancy by age, 2001–2006................................. 493

Malnutrition...................................................................................................................... 493

Severe malnutrition of under-five years by province, 2001–06..... 493

Diseases.............................................................................................................................. 493

Cholera......................................................................................................................... 493

Cholera cases and deaths by province, 2001–05.............................. 493

Diarrhoea 494

Diarrhoea incidence among under-fives by province and
 municipality, 2001–07/08................................................................. 494

Malaria......................................................................................................................... 496

Malaria cases and deaths, 1971–2007................................................ 496

Malaria deaths, 1971, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006,
 2007....................................................................................................... 496

Occupational disease................................................................................................. 497

Occupational disease claims finalised................................................. 497

Tuberculosis (TB)........................................................................................................ 498

TB cases and pulmonary TB cases reported, 1995–2007............... 498

Total TB cases, 1995-2007.................................................................... 498

TB cases reported by province, 2000–07............................................ 499

Estimated TB cases and HIV co-infection by province, 2004........ 499

Estimated TB cases and HIV co-infection by province, 2004........ 500

Incidence of TB, selected countries, 2005.......................................... 501

HIV and AIDS................................................................................................................... 502

Overview....................................................................................................................... 502

HIV and AIDS overview........................................................................ 502

HIV infection rate by race, 2008.......................................................... 503

Current data................................................................................................................. 504

Population segments living with HIV/AIDS.................................................... 504

Snap-shot of population living with HIV/AIDS by province,
 1 July 2009 (actual numbers)............................................................ 504

Snap-shot of people living with HIV/AIDS by province,
 1 July 2009 (proportions)................................................................... 504

Historical trends.......................................................................................................... 505

All infections.......................................................................................................... 505

New HIV infections by year, 1998–2008........................................... 505

Adult infection...................................................................................................... 506

Estimated adult HIV-prevalence rates by population group,
 1991–2008........................................................................................... 506

Infection rate of women attending antenatal clinics..................................... 506

HIV infection rates of women attending public antenatal
 clinics, 1992–2007.............................................................................. 507

HIV infection rates of women attending public antenatal
 clinics by province, 1992–2007........................................................ 507

HIV infection rates of women attending public antenatal
 clinics by age, 1997–2006................................................................. 508

Projected prevalence rates........................................................................................ 509

HIV prevalence rate by province, 2002, 2008, and 2015............ 509

Estimated HIV prevalence rates, 2002–15......................................... 509

International comparisons........................................................................................ 510

Regional HIV/AIDS statistics, 2003, 2005, and 2007...................... 510

Adult (aged 15–49 years) HIV prevalence in countries which
 have conducted population-based HIV surveys in recent
 years....................................................................................................... 511

HEALTH RESOURCES AND SERVICES...................................................................... 512

Finance............................................................................................................................... 512

National health budget allocations, 2009/10–2011/12.................... 512

Provincial health budget allocations, 2009/10–2011/12................. 512

Health expenditure, selected countries, 2006..................................... 513

Medical insurance........................................................................................................... 514

Medical aid beneficiaries by province, 2004-2007........................... 514

Beneficiaries by province as a proportion of provincial
 population, 2007................................................................................. 514

Beneficiaries of medical aid schemes, 1997-2007............................ 515

Medical aid coverage by province and race, 2008............................ 516

Medical aid coverage by race, 2008.................................................... 517

Medical personnel........................................................................................................... 518

University health science awards by race, 2001–2006..................... 518

University health science awards, 2001–2006................................... 518

Registered health care personnel, 1990–2008.................................... 519

Number of public sector doctors by province, 2000–08.................. 520

Number of public sector professional nurses by province,
 2000–08................................................................................................ 521

Public sector people-to-doctor and people-to-nurse ratios,
 by province, 2008................................................................................ 521

Number of public sector doctors per 100 000 of population,
 2000–2008........................................................................................... 522

Number of public sector professional nurses per 100 000 of
 population, 2000–2008...................................................................... 522

Physicians per 1 000 people, selected countries, 2002-07................ 523

Hospitals and clinics....................................................................................................... 524

Hospital bed occupancy rate, 2006..................................................... 524

Number of beds in public and private sector hospitals by
 province, 2005 and 2008................................................................... 524

Number of hospitals in each province, 2006 and 2008.................... 525

Health services in each district/metropolitan municipality,
 2007....................................................................................................... 525

Vaccination....................................................................................................................... 527

Immunisation coverage of children under one year, 2000–06....... 527

Rates of immunisation and TB treatment, selected countries........ 528

WELFARE.............................................................................................................................. 529

Social grants..................................................................................................................... 529

Beneficiaries of social grants 2001, 2006/07, 2007/08,
 2008/09, 2009/10, and 2010/11...................................................... 529

Number of beneficiaries, 2001, 2006/07, 2007/08,
 2008/09, 2009/10, and 2010/11...................................................... 530

Old age grants and rates of inflation, 1994–2009............................. 530

Increase in value of social grants, April 2006–April 2009............... 531

Growth in child support grant recipient numbers and
 payments, October 1998–May 2008.............................................. 531

Benefits of social grants by province and municipality, 2007........ 532

Social wage........................................................................................................................ 534

Average value of social wage and social grantper household
 per month.............................................................................................. 534

Gross value of the social wage.............................................................. 534

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Health & Welfare.jpgTHE HEALTH AND WELFARE PICTURE.................................................................. 483

Health and welfare at a glance............................................................. 483

HEALTH INDICATORS...................................................................................................... 484

Mortality............................................................................................................................ 484

Infant and under-five mortality............................................................................... 484

Infant mortality rate by province, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2007,
 and 2008............................................................................................... 484

Under-five mortality rate by province, 1994, 1998, 2002,
 2007, and 2008.................................................................................... 485

Under-five mortality rate, selected countries, 1970, 1990,
 2005, and 2007.................................................................................... 486

Maternal mortality..................................................................................................... 487

Maternal mortality ratio, 1990-2005................................................... 487

Causes of death.......................................................................................................... 487

Ten leading natural causes of death 2004, 2005, and 2006........... 488

Causes of death by race, 2006.............................................................. 489

Death by age and year of death.............................................................................. 491

Deaths by age and year of death, 1997–2006................................... 491

Termination of pregnancy........................................................................................ 492

Termination of pregnancy by province, 1997-2007......................... 492

Termination of pregnancy by age, 2001–2006................................. 493

Malnutrition...................................................................................................................... 493

Severe malnutrition of under-five years by province, 2001–06..... 493

Diseases.............................................................................................................................. 493

Cholera......................................................................................................................... 493

Cholera cases and deaths by province, 2001–05.............................. 493

Diarrhoea 494

Diarrhoea incidence among under-fives by province and
 municipality, 2001–07/08................................................................. 494

Malaria......................................................................................................................... 496

Malaria cases and deaths, 1971–2007................................................ 496

Malaria deaths, 1971, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006,
 2007....................................................................................................... 496

Occupational disease................................................................................................. 497

Occupational disease claims finalised................................................. 497

Tuberculosis (TB)........................................................................................................ 498

TB cases and pulmonary TB cases reported, 1995–2007............... 498

Total TB cases, 1995-2007.................................................................... 498

TB cases reported by province, 2000–07............................................ 499

Estimated TB cases and HIV co-infection by province, 2004........ 499

Estimated TB cases and HIV co-infection by province, 2004........ 500

Incidence of TB, selected countries, 2005.......................................... 501

HIV and AIDS................................................................................................................... 502

Overview....................................................................................................................... 502

HIV and AIDS overview........................................................................ 502

HIV infection rate by race, 2008.......................................................... 503

Current data................................................................................................................. 504

Population segments living with HIV/AIDS.................................................... 504

Snap-shot of population living with HIV/AIDS by province,
 1 July 2009 (actual numbers)............................................................ 504

Snap-shot of people living with HIV/AIDS by province,
 1 July 2009 (proportions)................................................................... 504

Historical trends.......................................................................................................... 505

All infections.......................................................................................................... 505

New HIV infections by year, 1998–2008........................................... 505

Adult infection...................................................................................................... 506

Estimated adult HIV-prevalence rates by population group,
 1991–2008........................................................................................... 506

Infection rate of women attending antenatal clinics..................................... 506

HIV infection rates of women attending public antenatal
 clinics, 1992–2007.............................................................................. 507

HIV infection rates of women attending public antenatal
 clinics by province, 1992–2007........................................................ 507

HIV infection rates of women attending public antenatal
 clinics by age, 1997–2006................................................................. 508

Projected prevalence rates........................................................................................ 509

HIV prevalence rate by province, 2002, 2008, and 2015............ 509

Estimated HIV prevalence rates, 2002–15......................................... 509

International comparisons........................................................................................ 510

Regional HIV/AIDS statistics, 2003, 2005, and 2007...................... 510

Adult (aged 15–49 years) HIV prevalence in countries which
 have conducted population-based HIV surveys in recent
 years....................................................................................................... 511

HEALTH RESOURCES AND SERVICES...................................................................... 512

Finance............................................................................................................................... 512

National health budget allocations, 2009/10–2011/12.................... 512

Provincial health budget allocations, 2009/10–2011/12................. 512

Health expenditure, selected countries, 2006..................................... 513

Medical insurance........................................................................................................... 514

Medical aid beneficiaries by province, 2004-2007........................... 514

Beneficiaries by province as a proportion of provincial
 population, 2007................................................................................. 514

Beneficiaries of medical aid schemes, 1997-2007............................ 515

Medical aid coverage by province and race, 2008............................ 516

Medical aid coverage by race, 2008.................................................... 517

Medical personnel........................................................................................................... 518

University health science awards by race, 2001–2006..................... 518

University health science awards, 2001–2006................................... 518

Registered health care personnel, 1990–2008.................................... 519

Number of public sector doctors by province, 2000–08.................. 520

Number of public sector professional nurses by province,
 2000–08................................................................................................ 521

Public sector people-to-doctor and people-to-nurse ratios,
 by province, 2008................................................................................ 521

Number of public sector doctors per 100 000 of population,
 2000–2008........................................................................................... 522

Number of public sector professional nurses per 100 000 of
 population, 2000–2008...................................................................... 522

Physicians per 1 000 people, selected countries, 2002-07................ 523

Hospitals and clinics....................................................................................................... 524

Hospital bed occupancy rate, 2006..................................................... 524

Number of beds in public and private sector hospitals by
 province, 2005 and 2008................................................................... 524

Number of hospitals in each province, 2006 and 2008.................... 525

Health services in each district/metropolitan municipality,
 2007....................................................................................................... 525

Vaccination....................................................................................................................... 527

Immunisation coverage of children under one year, 2000–06....... 527

Rates of immunisation and TB treatment, selected countries........ 528

WELFARE.............................................................................................................................. 529

Social grants..................................................................................................................... 529

Beneficiaries of social grants 2001, 2006/07, 2007/08,
 2008/09, 2009/10, and 2010/11...................................................... 529

Number of beneficiaries, 2001, 2006/07, 2007/08,
 2008/09, 2009/10, and 2010/11...................................................... 530

Old age grants and rates of inflation, 1994–2009............................. 530

Increase in value of social grants, April 2006–April 2009............... 531

Growth in child support grant recipient numbers and
 payments, October 1998–May 2008.............................................. 531

Benefits of social grants by province and municipality, 2007........ 532

Social wage........................................................................................................................ 534

Average value of social wage and social grantper household
 per month.............................................................................................. 534

Gross value of the social wage.............................................................. 534

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