Business and Labour

The detailed contents of this chapter follow below. The page numbers refer to the hard copy publication of the Survey.
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Business and Labour

The detailed contents of this chapter follow below. The page numbers refer to the hard copy publication of the Survey.

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Business and Labour.jpgTHE BUSINESS AND LABOUR PICTURE............................................................. 317

South African business and labour at a glance.................................. 317

All sizes of business......................................................................................................... 318

Number of enterprises in South Africa, by size, 2004 and 2007..... 318

Small, medium, and micro enterprises (SMMEs) by sector............. 318

Number of enterprises registered per year in South Africa,
 2000 and 2008..................................................................................... 319

Total active enterprises in South Africa, 2009................................... 319

Total active enterprises by province, 2009......................................... 320

Public and private ownership of fixed capital stock............................................... 321

Fixed capital stock by ownership, 2000.............................................. 321

Fixed capital stock by ownership, 2008.............................................. 321

State-owned enterprises.................................................................................................. 322

State-owned enterprises, 2007/08......................................................... 322

Number of employees at state-owned enterprises............................. 322

Franchises.......................................................................................................................... 323

Franchise systems by business category, 2008.................................. 323

Growth in franchise business units, 2006 and 2008.......................... 324

Franchise contribution to GDP, 2006 and 2008................................. 324

Capital invested in franchises for the 12 months up to
 29 February 2009................................................................................ 325

Franchise costs, 2008.............................................................................. 325

Total employment in franchises, 2008................................................ 326

Physical infrastructure.................................................................................................. 326

Vessels calling at South African ports, 2004–08................................ 326

Cargo handled by South African ports, 2004–08.............................. 327

Cargo handled by South African ports by number of
 containers invoiced, 2004–08........................................................... 327

The South African road network.......................................................... 328

The South African rail network............................................................. 328

Aircraft movements at South Africa’s ten major airports,
 2002/03–2007/08............................................................................... 328

The business environment............................................................................................. 329

Competitiveness index............................................................................................... 329

Global competitiveness index rankings, 2008–09............................. 329

World Competitiveness Report (global rankings
 2008 and 2009)................................................................................... 331

Ease of doing business in South Africa................................................................... 332

South Africa’s ranking on the ease of doing business,
 2008....................................................................................................... 332

Conducting business, 2008.................................................................... 333

Financial Development Index, 2008.................................................... 335

Economic freedom of the world from the Heritage
 Foundation, 2009 (selected countries)............................................. 336

Economic freedom of the world from the Economic Freedom
 Network, 2006 (selected countries).................................................. 337

Ease of trading across borders, 2008 (selected countries)................ 338

Attractiveness of countries for mining investment
 (selected countries).............................................................................. 339

Black Economic Empowerment.................................................................................. 340

The generic scorecard, 2007.................................................................. 340

Scorecard for qualifying small enterprises, 2007............................... 342

BEE status rating, 2007.......................................................................... 342

Black Economic Empowerment, 1995–2008.................................... 343

BEE transaction contribution to total transaction value,
 1994–2008........................................................................................... 344

The JSE Limited and global exchanges..................................................................... 345

The JSE all-share index, 1997–2008.................................................... 345

World Markets.......................................................................................... 346

The world’s top cities...................................................................................................... 348

The top cities in the world’s emerging markets, 2008....................... 348

E-readiness........................................................................................................................ 349

Global E-readiness rankings, 2008 (selected countries).................... 349

Networked Readiness Index, 2008–09 (selected countries)............ 350

Liquidations and Insolvencies...................................................................................... 351

Liquidations, 2003–09............................................................................ 351

Insolvencies, 2003–09............................................................................ 351

Tourism.............................................................................................................................. 352

Tourist arrivals in South Africa by year, 2002–08............................ 352

Thirty most popular global tourist destinations, 2007...................... 353

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS............................................................................................... 354

Terms of employment.................................................................................................... 354

Employment by industry and terms of employment, 2007............ 354

Trade unions..................................................................................................................... 355

Trade unions and membership, 1994–2008....................................... 355

Trade union membership as a proportion of employed, and as
 a proportion of the economically active population,
 1994–2007........................................................................................... 356

Membership of Cosatu unions by province and affiliate................ 356

Employment by industry and trade union membership,
 2001 and 2007..................................................................................... 358

Bargaining councils 1996–2008.................................................................................. 359

Bargaining councils, 1996–2008.......................................................... 359

Wage settlements............................................................................................................. 360

Wage settlements and the inflation rate, 1998–2008....................... 360

Average wage settlement by major sectors and unions, 2008........ 361

Average minimum monthly wage across major sectors, 2008....... 362

Average wage increase by province, 2008.......................................... 362

Strikes and lockouts........................................................................................................ 363

Mandays lost as a result of strikes, 1979–2009................................. 363

Top six strikes by duration, 2008.......................................................... 364

Top six strikes by mandays lost, 2008................................................. 364

Strike triggers (proportion of mandays lost due to triggers),
 1987–2008........................................................................................... 365

Strike triggers, 2008................................................................................. 365

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Business and Labour.jpgTHE BUSINESS AND LABOUR PICTURE............................................................. 317

South African business and labour at a glance.................................. 317

All sizes of business......................................................................................................... 318

Number of enterprises in South Africa, by size, 2004 and 2007..... 318

Small, medium, and micro enterprises (SMMEs) by sector............. 318

Number of enterprises registered per year in South Africa,
 2000 and 2008..................................................................................... 319

Total active enterprises in South Africa, 2009................................... 319

Total active enterprises by province, 2009......................................... 320

Public and private ownership of fixed capital stock............................................... 321

Fixed capital stock by ownership, 2000.............................................. 321

Fixed capital stock by ownership, 2008.............................................. 321

State-owned enterprises.................................................................................................. 322

State-owned enterprises, 2007/08......................................................... 322

Number of employees at state-owned enterprises............................. 322

Franchises.......................................................................................................................... 323

Franchise systems by business category, 2008.................................. 323

Growth in franchise business units, 2006 and 2008.......................... 324

Franchise contribution to GDP, 2006 and 2008................................. 324

Capital invested in franchises for the 12 months up to
 29 February 2009................................................................................ 325

Franchise costs, 2008.............................................................................. 325

Total employment in franchises, 2008................................................ 326

Physical infrastructure.................................................................................................. 326

Vessels calling at South African ports, 2004–08................................ 326

Cargo handled by South African ports, 2004–08.............................. 327

Cargo handled by South African ports by number of
 containers invoiced, 2004–08........................................................... 327

The South African road network.......................................................... 328

The South African rail network............................................................. 328

Aircraft movements at South Africa’s ten major airports,
 2002/03–2007/08............................................................................... 328

The business environment............................................................................................. 329

Competitiveness index............................................................................................... 329

Global competitiveness index rankings, 2008–09............................. 329

World Competitiveness Report (global rankings
 2008 and 2009)................................................................................... 331

Ease of doing business in South Africa................................................................... 332

South Africa’s ranking on the ease of doing business,
 2008....................................................................................................... 332

Conducting business, 2008.................................................................... 333

Financial Development Index, 2008.................................................... 335

Economic freedom of the world from the Heritage
 Foundation, 2009 (selected countries)............................................. 336

Economic freedom of the world from the Economic Freedom
 Network, 2006 (selected countries).................................................. 337

Ease of trading across borders, 2008 (selected countries)................ 338

Attractiveness of countries for mining investment
 (selected countries).............................................................................. 339

Black Economic Empowerment.................................................................................. 340

The generic scorecard, 2007.................................................................. 340

Scorecard for qualifying small enterprises, 2007............................... 342

BEE status rating, 2007.......................................................................... 342

Black Economic Empowerment, 1995–2008.................................... 343

BEE transaction contribution to total transaction value,
 1994–2008........................................................................................... 344

The JSE Limited and global exchanges..................................................................... 345

The JSE all-share index, 1997–2008.................................................... 345

World Markets.......................................................................................... 346

The world’s top cities...................................................................................................... 348

The top cities in the world’s emerging markets, 2008....................... 348

E-readiness........................................................................................................................ 349

Global E-readiness rankings, 2008 (selected countries).................... 349

Networked Readiness Index, 2008–09 (selected countries)............ 350

Liquidations and Insolvencies...................................................................................... 351

Liquidations, 2003–09............................................................................ 351

Insolvencies, 2003–09............................................................................ 351

Tourism.............................................................................................................................. 352

Tourist arrivals in South Africa by year, 2002–08............................ 352

Thirty most popular global tourist destinations, 2007...................... 353

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS............................................................................................... 354

Terms of employment.................................................................................................... 354

Employment by industry and terms of employment, 2007............ 354

Trade unions..................................................................................................................... 355

Trade unions and membership, 1994–2008....................................... 355

Trade union membership as a proportion of employed, and as
 a proportion of the economically active population,
 1994–2007........................................................................................... 356

Membership of Cosatu unions by province and affiliate................ 356

Employment by industry and trade union membership,
 2001 and 2007..................................................................................... 358

Bargaining councils 1996–2008.................................................................................. 359

Bargaining councils, 1996–2008.......................................................... 359

Wage settlements............................................................................................................. 360

Wage settlements and the inflation rate, 1998–2008....................... 360

Average wage settlement by major sectors and unions, 2008........ 361

Average minimum monthly wage across major sectors, 2008....... 362

Average wage increase by province, 2008.......................................... 362

Strikes and lockouts........................................................................................................ 363

Mandays lost as a result of strikes, 1979–2009................................. 363

Top six strikes by duration, 2008.......................................................... 364

Top six strikes by mandays lost, 2008................................................. 364

Strike triggers (proportion of mandays lost due to triggers),
 1987–2008........................................................................................... 365

Strike triggers, 2008................................................................................. 365

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