The Crime and security chapter

This 108-page long chapter includes all aspects of the criminal justice system – police, courts, prisons – as well as defence and private security. New additions include crimes against women, crimes in the course of vigilantism, and a new section on intelligence services. Regular features, such as the most serious crime trends broken down by crime category, year, province, and district municipality, are also included, many of them including data going back to 1995.
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You are here: Home Reports & Publications South Africa Survey South Africa Survey Online 2011/2012 The Crime and security chapter

The Crime and security chapter

This 108-page long chapter includes all aspects of the criminal justice system – police, courts, prisons – as well as defence and private security. New additions include crimes against women, crimes in the course of vigilantism, and a new section on intelligence services. Regular features, such as the most serious crime trends broken down by crime category, year, province, and district municipality, are also included, many of them including data going back to 1995.

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Table of contents:

STATISTICS AND TRENDS 680
National crime trends 680
National crime figures, 1994/95 and 2011/12 (actual numbers) 680
National crime figures, 1994/95 and 2011/12 (rates per 100 000 people) 681
Daily incidence of the most serious crimes, 1994/95 and Dec-11 682
Eighteen- and one-year trends 683
Contact crime: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 683
Contact crime rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 683
Property-related crime: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 685
Property-related crime rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 685
Crimes heavily dependent on police action for detection: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 686
Crimes heavily dependent on police action for detection: rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 686
Other serious crime: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 687
Other serious crime rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 687
Arson, malicious damage, and total serious crime: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 688
Total serious crime rate per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 688
Particular categories of crime 689
Aggravated robbery 689
Breakdown of aggravated robbery, 1994/95–2011/12 689
Change in aggravated robbery cases, initial recorded period – 2011/12 689
Subcategories of aggravated robbery 690
Residential and non-residential robberies as proportions of total aggravated robberies, 2002/03–2011/12 690
Crimes against children 691
Contact crimes committed against children, 2002/03–Dec-11 691
Change in contact crimes committed against children, 2002/03–2011/12 691
Initiation school deaths 692
Initiation school deaths, 1 June–11 July 2012 692
Crimes against women 693
Contact crimes committed against adult females, 2006/07–2011/12 693
Change in contact crimes committed against adult females, 2006/07–2011/12 693
Crime on farms 694
Cases of stock theft and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 694
Stock theft rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 694
Farm attacks by province, 1990–2012 695
Farm murders by province, 1990–2012 696
Farm attacks and murders, 1990–2011 697
Note on farm crime statistics 697
Farm attacks: comparison between SAPS and TAU data 698
Attacks on farmers and their families compared to other citizens, 2011 698
Farm and national murder rates, 2011 698
Arson 699
Arson by province, 2004/05–2011/12 699
Some cases of arson in 2012 699
Poaching 700
Rhino poaching, 2007–12 700
Rhino poaching by location, 2008–12 700
Crimes against and attitudes towards foreign nationals 701
South African attitudes towards foreign nationals, 2011 701
Xenophobic attacks 702
Crimes in the course of vigilantism 703
Violence during strikes 704
Strike violence, 1999–2012 704
Public violence 705
Incidents of public violence, 2004/05–2011/12 705
Transportation violence 706
Copper theft 706
Copper cable theft in the electricity industry, 2005/06–2009/10 706
Copper cable theft in the rail industry, 2008/09–2010/11 706
Corruption 707
Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), selected countries, 2011 707
Perceptions of changes in corruption in the past three years, selected countries, 2010 708
Social grant crime 709
Social grant fraud cases by province, 2005/06–2011/12 709
Amount lost owing to social grant fraud by province, 2005/06–2010/11 709
Other crimes 710
Crimes not listed with the 20 most serious crimes: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 2004/05–2011/12 710
Provincial crime trends 711
Murder 711
Murder, 1994/95–2011/12 711
Change in murder rate, 1994/95–2011/12 711
Attempted murder 712
Attempted murder, 1994/95–2011/12 712
Change in attempted murder rate, 1994/95–2011/12 712
Sexual offences 713
Sexual offences, 1994/95–2011/12 713
The rate of all sexual offences, 2011/12 713
Robbery with aggravating circumstances 714
Robbery with aggravating circumstances, 1994/95–Dec-11 714
Change in aggravated robbery rate, 1994/95–2011/12 714
Assault with intent to inflict grievous bodily harm (GBH) 715
Assault with intent to inflict grievous bodily harm, 1994/95–2011/12 715
Change in rate of assault (GBH), 1994/95–2011/12 715
Burglary at residential premises 716
Burglary at residential premises, 1994/95–2011/12 716
Change in residential burglary rate, 1994/95–2011/12 716
Burglary at non-residential premises 717
Burglary at non-residential premises, 1994/95–2011/12 717
Change in non-residential burglary rate, 1994/95–Dec-11 717
Stock theft 718
Stock theft, 1994/95–2011/12 718
Change in stock theft rate, 1994/95–2011/12 718
Theft of motor vehicles 719
Theft of motor vehicles, 1994/95–2011/12 719
Change in motor vehicle theft rate, 1994/95–2011/12 719
Commercial crimes 720
Commercial crimes, 1994/95–2011/12 720
Change in commercial crime rate, 1994/95–2011/12 720
Drug-related crime 721
Drug-related crime, 1994/95–2011/12 721
Change in drug-related crime rate, 1994/95–2011/12 721
Municipal crime trends 722
Selected crime rates by municipality, 2011/12 (rates per 100 000 people) 722
Crime reporting 730
Households and individuals who reported their experience of crime to the police, 2011 730
Perceptions of crime 731
Household members that feel safe walking alone in their area when it is dark by race and sex of household head, 2011 731
Perceptions of changes in levels of crime by province during the period 2009–11 731
Non-natural deaths 731
Overall figures 731
Manner of non-natural death by cause of death, 2008 732
Manner of non-natural death by sex, 2008 (actual numbers) 732
Manner of non-natural death by sex, 2008 (proportions) 732
Top ten external causes of non-natural death, 2007 and 2008 733
Road accidents 733
Fatal crashes and fatalities by province, 2006/07 and Nov-10 733
Rates of fatal crashes and fatalities by province, 2010/11 734
Fatalities and fatal crashes by type of vehicle, 2010/11 734
Road user fatalities by type of motorised vehicle, 2010/11 735
Road user fatalities by province, 2010/11 735
Fatal road crashes: daily, monthly, and provincial averages, 2009/10 and 2010/11 735
Fatal crashes by contributory cause, 2010/11 736
Comparison of fatalities between selected modes of public transport, 2008 and 2009 736
Mining deaths 737
Mining industry fatalities by cause of death, 2010–11 737
Railway accidents 737
Railway injuries and fatalities by category of victim, 2007/08 and 2008/09 737
Railway injuries and fatalities by type of incident, 2007/08 and 2008/09 738
Comparisons of non-natural deaths 738
Non-natural deaths over a two-year period in selected fields 738
Crime trends and anti-crime expenditure 739
Expenditure on the criminal justice system as proportion of total government expenditure and Gross Domestic Product, 1994/95–2014/15 739
Crime numbers, rates, and expenditure on protection services, 1994/95–2010/11 740
Crime and public spending, 2007/08–2010/11 740
POLICE 741
Personnel 741
General statistics 741
Personnel in the SAPS by sex and race, March 2012 741
SAPS personnel by race, March 2012 741
Race and rank 742
SAPS personnel by rank and race, March 2012 742
Expenditure 743
SAPS expenditure on personnel by programme, Mar-12 743
SAPS personnel by programme, March 2012 743
Affirmative action 743
Affirmative action in the SAPS, March 2012 actual employment and 2010 employment equity targets 743
SAPS personnel by sex, March 2012 actual employment and 2010 employment equity targets 744
Ratios 745
Ratio of the population to police officers by province, December 2007 and September 2012 745
Population to police ratios, selected countries 745
Shortages 746
Employment and vacancies by programme, 2003/04 and Dec-11 746
Employment and vacancies by skills level, 2003/04 and Dec-11 746
Vacancy rates by skills level, 2003/04 and 2011/12 746
Public order policing 747
Crowd management police units and members, 1995–2011 747
Crowd management police unit members, 1995–2011 747
Public order policing units and members by province, 2011 748
Police reservists 748
Community policing forums 748
Community policing forums at station level by province, 2011 748
Fatalities 749
Police officers murdered, 1983/84–2011/12 749
Murders of police officers by province, 2004/05–2011/12 750
Crimes, corruption, and (mis)conduct in the SAPS 751
Escapes and escapees from police custody, 2001/02–Dec-11 751
Lost/stolen SAPS firearms and case dockets, 2001/02–Oct-09 751
Lost/stolen SAPS firearms, 2001/02–2009/10 752
Deaths of persons in police custody and as a result of police action, 2003/04–2011/12 752
Complaints and notifications received by the Independent Complaints Directorate (ICD) against SAPS members by province, 2011/12 753
Convictions and acquittals of SAPS members in criminal cases by crime category, 2011/12 753
PROSECUTIONS AND CONVICTIONS 754
Cases reported, prosecutions, and convictions as a proportion of all cases handled, 2003/04–2010/11 754
Process of referring charges to court by crime cluster, Dec-11 755
Trio crimes conviction rate, 2011/12 755
THE BENCH AND THE BAR 756
Legal Practice Bill of 2012 756
Key changes from the Bill’s predecessor 756
An incremental process 756
The first council 757
The split profession maintained 758
Transformational legal education 758
Admission, suspension, and striking off the roll 758
Maximum legal fees 758
Compulsory community service 758
New code of conduct 759
New ‘attorneys fidelity fund board’ 759
Ramifications 759
The Bench 760
Race and/or sex breakdowns 760
Judges of the superior courts by race, 2005 and 2012 760
Judges and magistrates by race, March 2011 760
Judges and magistrates by sex, March 2011 760
Magistrates by race, March 2011 761
The Bar 761
Members of the Bar by race and sex, April 2012 761
Members of the Bar by race, April 2012 762
PRISONS AND CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 762
Personnel 762
Correctional Services personnel by race, 2011/12 762
Prisons 762
General statistics 762
Prison population by sex and race, March 2012 (actual numbers) 762
Prison population by sex and race, March 2012 (proportions) 763
Prison population by crime category, March 2012 763
Prison population by age, March 2012 764
Sentenced prisoners and remand detainees, March 2012 764
Daily average prison population by sex, 1995/96–Mar-12 765
Daily average prison population, 1995/96–March 2012 765
Awaiting-trial detainees 766
Sentenced prisoners and awaiting-trial detainees, 1995–2012 766
Awaiting-trial detainees, 1995–2012 766
Children and juveniles 767
Prisoners under the age of 18 by crime category, Mar-12 767
Prison overcrowding 767
Prison overcrowding, March 1996–March 2012 767
Duration of sentences 768
Duration of sentences, March 1995–March 2012 768
Duration of sentences, 1995 and 2012 768
Duration of sentences: change in proportions, 1995–2012 769
Duration of sentences, 1995–2012 769
Deaths and medical releases of prisoners 770
Natural and unnatural deaths of prisoners, and medical releases, 1996–2011 770
Natural and unnatural deaths of prisoners by cause of death, 2011 771
Parole 771
Offenders considered for parole and offenders granted parole, 2008/09–2009/10 771
Medical parole applications and approvals, 2008–10 771
International prison trends 772
International prison statistics, selected countries 772
DEFENCE 773
Personnel 773
Overall statistics 773
Department of Defence personnel by race and sex, Mar-12 773
Employment and vacancies by programme as at March 2012 774
Defence reserves by army division and race as at March 2011 774
Command structures by race and rank, April 2007 775
Privates as a proportion of total personnel, April 2007 775
Command structures by race and rank, April 2007 776
Command structures by sex and rank, April 2007 776
Department of Defence personnel by occupation, Mar-12 777
Affirmative action in the South African National Defence Force 777
 measured against March 2012 employmentDepartment of Defence employment equity targets 777
Deployment outside South Africa 778
Peacekeeping operations in Africa, 2000–11 778
Number of people deployed for peacekeeping operations in Africa, 2000–11 778
International comparisons 779
Military expenditure and armed forces personnel, 2009 779
INTELLIGENCE SERVICES 780
Structures of South African Justice, Police, and Investigation Services 780
National Intelligence Coordinating Committee 780
Department of Justice 781
Public Protector 781
Special Investigating Unit 781
National Prosecuting Authority 782
Department of Police 782
Directorate for Priority Crime Investigation (Hawks) 782
Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPID) 783
Department of State Security 784
Civilian Intelligence Services 784
Regulation of Interception of Communication and Provision of Communication Related Information 784
General Intelligence Laws Amendment Bill 785
PRIVATE SECURITY 786
Security businesses, security officers, and sworn SAPS officials, 1997–2011 786
Active security officers and sworn police officials, 1998–2011 786
Active registered security businesses by sector, 2005–11 787
Active registered security businesses by province, 2005 and 2011 787

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Table of contents:

STATISTICS AND TRENDS 680
National crime trends 680
National crime figures, 1994/95 and 2011/12 (actual numbers) 680
National crime figures, 1994/95 and 2011/12 (rates per 100 000 people) 681
Daily incidence of the most serious crimes, 1994/95 and Dec-11 682
Eighteen- and one-year trends 683
Contact crime: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 683
Contact crime rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 683
Property-related crime: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 685
Property-related crime rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 685
Crimes heavily dependent on police action for detection: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 686
Crimes heavily dependent on police action for detection: rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 686
Other serious crime: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 687
Other serious crime rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 687
Arson, malicious damage, and total serious crime: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 688
Total serious crime rate per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 688
Particular categories of crime 689
Aggravated robbery 689
Breakdown of aggravated robbery, 1994/95–2011/12 689
Change in aggravated robbery cases, initial recorded period – 2011/12 689
Subcategories of aggravated robbery 690
Residential and non-residential robberies as proportions of total aggravated robberies, 2002/03–2011/12 690
Crimes against children 691
Contact crimes committed against children, 2002/03–Dec-11 691
Change in contact crimes committed against children, 2002/03–2011/12 691
Initiation school deaths 692
Initiation school deaths, 1 June–11 July 2012 692
Crimes against women 693
Contact crimes committed against adult females, 2006/07–2011/12 693
Change in contact crimes committed against adult females, 2006/07–2011/12 693
Crime on farms 694
Cases of stock theft and rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 694
Stock theft rates per 100 000 of the population, 1994/95–2011/12 694
Farm attacks by province, 1990–2012 695
Farm murders by province, 1990–2012 696
Farm attacks and murders, 1990–2011 697
Note on farm crime statistics 697
Farm attacks: comparison between SAPS and TAU data 698
Attacks on farmers and their families compared to other citizens, 2011 698
Farm and national murder rates, 2011 698
Arson 699
Arson by province, 2004/05–2011/12 699
Some cases of arson in 2012 699
Poaching 700
Rhino poaching, 2007–12 700
Rhino poaching by location, 2008–12 700
Crimes against and attitudes towards foreign nationals 701
South African attitudes towards foreign nationals, 2011 701
Xenophobic attacks 702
Crimes in the course of vigilantism 703
Violence during strikes 704
Strike violence, 1999–2012 704
Public violence 705
Incidents of public violence, 2004/05–2011/12 705
Transportation violence 706
Copper theft 706
Copper cable theft in the electricity industry, 2005/06–2009/10 706
Copper cable theft in the rail industry, 2008/09–2010/11 706
Corruption 707
Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), selected countries, 2011 707
Perceptions of changes in corruption in the past three years, selected countries, 2010 708
Social grant crime 709
Social grant fraud cases by province, 2005/06–2011/12 709
Amount lost owing to social grant fraud by province, 2005/06–2010/11 709
Other crimes 710
Crimes not listed with the 20 most serious crimes: actual reported cases and rates per 100 000 of the population, 2004/05–2011/12 710
Provincial crime trends 711
Murder 711
Murder, 1994/95–2011/12 711
Change in murder rate, 1994/95–2011/12 711
Attempted murder 712
Attempted murder, 1994/95–2011/12 712
Change in attempted murder rate, 1994/95–2011/12 712
Sexual offences 713
Sexual offences, 1994/95–2011/12 713
The rate of all sexual offences, 2011/12 713
Robbery with aggravating circumstances 714
Robbery with aggravating circumstances, 1994/95–Dec-11 714
Change in aggravated robbery rate, 1994/95–2011/12 714
Assault with intent to inflict grievous bodily harm (GBH) 715
Assault with intent to inflict grievous bodily harm, 1994/95–2011/12 715
Change in rate of assault (GBH), 1994/95–2011/12 715
Burglary at residential premises 716
Burglary at residential premises, 1994/95–2011/12 716
Change in residential burglary rate, 1994/95–2011/12 716
Burglary at non-residential premises 717
Burglary at non-residential premises, 1994/95–2011/12 717
Change in non-residential burglary rate, 1994/95–Dec-11 717
Stock theft 718
Stock theft, 1994/95–2011/12 718
Change in stock theft rate, 1994/95–2011/12 718
Theft of motor vehicles 719
Theft of motor vehicles, 1994/95–2011/12 719
Change in motor vehicle theft rate, 1994/95–2011/12 719
Commercial crimes 720
Commercial crimes, 1994/95–2011/12 720
Change in commercial crime rate, 1994/95–2011/12 720
Drug-related crime 721
Drug-related crime, 1994/95–2011/12 721
Change in drug-related crime rate, 1994/95–2011/12 721
Municipal crime trends 722
Selected crime rates by municipality, 2011/12 (rates per 100 000 people) 722
Crime reporting 730
Households and individuals who reported their experience of crime to the police, 2011 730
Perceptions of crime 731
Household members that feel safe walking alone in their area when it is dark by race and sex of household head, 2011 731
Perceptions of changes in levels of crime by province during the period 2009–11 731
Non-natural deaths 731
Overall figures 731
Manner of non-natural death by cause of death, 2008 732
Manner of non-natural death by sex, 2008 (actual numbers) 732
Manner of non-natural death by sex, 2008 (proportions) 732
Top ten external causes of non-natural death, 2007 and 2008 733
Road accidents 733
Fatal crashes and fatalities by province, 2006/07 and Nov-10 733
Rates of fatal crashes and fatalities by province, 2010/11 734
Fatalities and fatal crashes by type of vehicle, 2010/11 734
Road user fatalities by type of motorised vehicle, 2010/11 735
Road user fatalities by province, 2010/11 735
Fatal road crashes: daily, monthly, and provincial averages, 2009/10 and 2010/11 735
Fatal crashes by contributory cause, 2010/11 736
Comparison of fatalities between selected modes of public transport, 2008 and 2009 736
Mining deaths 737
Mining industry fatalities by cause of death, 2010–11 737
Railway accidents 737
Railway injuries and fatalities by category of victim, 2007/08 and 2008/09 737
Railway injuries and fatalities by type of incident, 2007/08 and 2008/09 738
Comparisons of non-natural deaths 738
Non-natural deaths over a two-year period in selected fields 738
Crime trends and anti-crime expenditure 739
Expenditure on the criminal justice system as proportion of total government expenditure and Gross Domestic Product, 1994/95–2014/15 739
Crime numbers, rates, and expenditure on protection services, 1994/95–2010/11 740
Crime and public spending, 2007/08–2010/11 740
POLICE 741
Personnel 741
General statistics 741
Personnel in the SAPS by sex and race, March 2012 741
SAPS personnel by race, March 2012 741
Race and rank 742
SAPS personnel by rank and race, March 2012 742
Expenditure 743
SAPS expenditure on personnel by programme, Mar-12 743
SAPS personnel by programme, March 2012 743
Affirmative action 743
Affirmative action in the SAPS, March 2012 actual employment and 2010 employment equity targets 743
SAPS personnel by sex, March 2012 actual employment and 2010 employment equity targets 744
Ratios 745
Ratio of the population to police officers by province, December 2007 and September 2012 745
Population to police ratios, selected countries 745
Shortages 746
Employment and vacancies by programme, 2003/04 and Dec-11 746
Employment and vacancies by skills level, 2003/04 and Dec-11 746
Vacancy rates by skills level, 2003/04 and 2011/12 746
Public order policing 747
Crowd management police units and members, 1995–2011 747
Crowd management police unit members, 1995–2011 747
Public order policing units and members by province, 2011 748
Police reservists 748
Community policing forums 748
Community policing forums at station level by province, 2011 748
Fatalities 749
Police officers murdered, 1983/84–2011/12 749
Murders of police officers by province, 2004/05–2011/12 750
Crimes, corruption, and (mis)conduct in the SAPS 751
Escapes and escapees from police custody, 2001/02–Dec-11 751
Lost/stolen SAPS firearms and case dockets, 2001/02–Oct-09 751
Lost/stolen SAPS firearms, 2001/02–2009/10 752
Deaths of persons in police custody and as a result of police action, 2003/04–2011/12 752
Complaints and notifications received by the Independent Complaints Directorate (ICD) against SAPS members by province, 2011/12 753
Convictions and acquittals of SAPS members in criminal cases by crime category, 2011/12 753
PROSECUTIONS AND CONVICTIONS 754
Cases reported, prosecutions, and convictions as a proportion of all cases handled, 2003/04–2010/11 754
Process of referring charges to court by crime cluster, Dec-11 755
Trio crimes conviction rate, 2011/12 755
THE BENCH AND THE BAR 756
Legal Practice Bill of 2012 756
Key changes from the Bill’s predecessor 756
An incremental process 756
The first council 757
The split profession maintained 758
Transformational legal education 758
Admission, suspension, and striking off the roll 758
Maximum legal fees 758
Compulsory community service 758
New code of conduct 759
New ‘attorneys fidelity fund board’ 759
Ramifications 759
The Bench 760
Race and/or sex breakdowns 760
Judges of the superior courts by race, 2005 and 2012 760
Judges and magistrates by race, March 2011 760
Judges and magistrates by sex, March 2011 760
Magistrates by race, March 2011 761
The Bar 761
Members of the Bar by race and sex, April 2012 761
Members of the Bar by race, April 2012 762
PRISONS AND CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 762
Personnel 762
Correctional Services personnel by race, 2011/12 762
Prisons 762
General statistics 762
Prison population by sex and race, March 2012 (actual numbers) 762
Prison population by sex and race, March 2012 (proportions) 763
Prison population by crime category, March 2012 763
Prison population by age, March 2012 764
Sentenced prisoners and remand detainees, March 2012 764
Daily average prison population by sex, 1995/96–Mar-12 765
Daily average prison population, 1995/96–March 2012 765
Awaiting-trial detainees 766
Sentenced prisoners and awaiting-trial detainees, 1995–2012 766
Awaiting-trial detainees, 1995–2012 766
Children and juveniles 767
Prisoners under the age of 18 by crime category, Mar-12 767
Prison overcrowding 767
Prison overcrowding, March 1996–March 2012 767
Duration of sentences 768
Duration of sentences, March 1995–March 2012 768
Duration of sentences, 1995 and 2012 768
Duration of sentences: change in proportions, 1995–2012 769
Duration of sentences, 1995–2012 769
Deaths and medical releases of prisoners 770
Natural and unnatural deaths of prisoners, and medical releases, 1996–2011 770
Natural and unnatural deaths of prisoners by cause of death, 2011 771
Parole 771
Offenders considered for parole and offenders granted parole, 2008/09–2009/10 771
Medical parole applications and approvals, 2008–10 771
International prison trends 772
International prison statistics, selected countries 772
DEFENCE 773
Personnel 773
Overall statistics 773
Department of Defence personnel by race and sex, Mar-12 773
Employment and vacancies by programme as at March 2012 774
Defence reserves by army division and race as at March 2011 774
Command structures by race and rank, April 2007 775
Privates as a proportion of total personnel, April 2007 775
Command structures by race and rank, April 2007 776
Command structures by sex and rank, April 2007 776
Department of Defence personnel by occupation, Mar-12 777
Affirmative action in the South African National Defence Force 777
 measured against March 2012 employmentDepartment of Defence employment equity targets 777
Deployment outside South Africa 778
Peacekeeping operations in Africa, 2000–11 778
Number of people deployed for peacekeeping operations in Africa, 2000–11 778
International comparisons 779
Military expenditure and armed forces personnel, 2009 779
INTELLIGENCE SERVICES 780
Structures of South African Justice, Police, and Investigation Services 780
National Intelligence Coordinating Committee 780
Department of Justice 781
Public Protector 781
Special Investigating Unit 781
National Prosecuting Authority 782
Department of Police 782
Directorate for Priority Crime Investigation (Hawks) 782
Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPID) 783
Department of State Security 784
Civilian Intelligence Services 784
Regulation of Interception of Communication and Provision of Communication Related Information 784
General Intelligence Laws Amendment Bill 785
PRIVATE SECURITY 786
Security businesses, security officers, and sworn SAPS officials, 1997–2011 786
Active security officers and sworn police officials, 1998–2011 786
Active registered security businesses by sector, 2005–11 787
Active registered security businesses by province, 2005 and 2011 787

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